Water pollution is the most complex global environmental problem. Every pollution with chemical waste from industry and transport, pesticides from agricultural areas reaches groundwater, wells, rivers, lakes, and the sea.
Domestic wastewater is tap water or natural water of an approximate quality that is used for cooking, washing, or sanitary needs in the household. In addition to minerals and organic matter, it also contains significant amounts of human excrement, paper, soap, and other detergents, food waste, and a large number of other waste materials.
How polluted is the water from livestock farms?
Water from livestock farms is also loaded with a high content of organic matter. Disruption of the natural biological balance first leads to the slow operation of livestock lagoons, and later to a complete clogging due to the deposition of undegraded waste.
A very serious problem is the deposition of undegraded fats and oils in the soil around the lagoon itself, which creates a completely impermeable zone and it becomes a closed vessel. The contents are spilled on the surface, unpleasant odors are spread, and the danger of infectious diseases is present.
Biological water purification with Bistrol
For the purification of water from lagoons, it is recommended to use preparations based on different types of microorganisms. Biological purification is used for:
- removal of organic matter;
- removal of nitrogen (as a biogenic element) by nitrification and denitrification processes;
- decomposition of sludge from the process of primary wastewater treatment.
Biological processes of water purification can take place as aerobic and anaerobic, with the help of aerobic or anaerobic microorganisms.