UNIKER liquid microbiological fertilizer is used in arable farming, olericulture, and orcharding for:
1. Decomposition of crop residues
Uniker accelerates the decomposition of crop residues and has a beneficial effect on soil fertility. Removal of crop residues after crop removal is very harmful to soil fertility because fresh organic matter is removed. The transformation of fresh organic matter produces humic substances. Humus is very important for maintaining soil fertility, i.e. for improving its physical, chemical, and biological properties.
Fresh organic residues originating from plants (root, leaf, trunk, fruits), animals, and microorganisms (biomass) are transformed to achieve complete mineralization or to semi-decomposed substances that directly or indirectly enter the composition of humus.
These transformations take place in the soil through microorganisms that have the ability to decompose cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The intensity of transformations depends on the type of plant material, temperature, water content, and activity of the present populations of microorganisms. Mineralization often takes place slowly, as a result of which undecomposed and semi-decomposed plant remnants stay in the soil until the next sowing, which makes it difficult to prepare the soil for sowing and even plant germination.
The application of Uniker, which contains bacteria that decompose cellulose, accelerates the processes of harvest residues transformation in the soil. The use of Uniker prevents the formation of nitrogen depression (lack of available nitrogen) in the soil because Uniker contains organic matter which, with the help of proteolytic bacteria, decomposes into available nitrogen (NH4), by which the C / N ratio is regulated.
Composting is a natural process of decomposition of organic matter in which different groups of microorganisms decompose and convert organic matter into relatively stable organic matter similar to humus – compost.
Composts are organic fertilizers obtained by composting various organic, primarily plant residues (fallen leaves, twigs, agricultural waste from pruning fruits and grapevines, cut grass, kitchen waste: raw vegetable residues, potato peelings, fruit residues, coffee grounds, tea residues, eggshells, etc.).