The ability of the soil to supply plants with the necessary amounts of nutrients during the growing season depends on its fertility. In the rhizosphere, 2 mm from the root system, very dynamic processes of mineralization and immobilization take place, in which microorganisms in the soil transfer nutrients from inaccessible forms into accessible ones and vice versa.

What is the role of microorganisms?

Microorganisms in the soil have several responsibilities. They:

  • mineralize fresh organic matter and (harvest residues) transfer it into a mineral form,
  • participate in the processes of humus synthesis, 
  • release microelements Fe, Mn, Mo, Al, B, Zn, S from sparingly soluble compounds,
  • perform nitrogen fixation,
  • affect the creation of a favorable soil structure,
  • produce plant hormones that stimulate plant growth.

Microbiological biomass makes up 1–5% of total nitrogen and 0.5–1% of total phosphorus in the soil and is considered to be a very important source of plant assimilants that is available to plants very fast.

Knowledge of these processes in the plant-microorganism-soil system is the basis of proper plant nutrition. However, inadequate application of various agrotechnical measures (tillage, fertilization, application of pesticides, irrigation) can have a depressing effect on populations of microorganisms in the soil as well as on the processes in which they participate.

Consequences of inadequate application of various agrotechnical measures

The application of larger amounts of mineral fertilizers often results in insufficient utilization of fertilizers by plants due to the process of immobilization, evaporation, denitrification.

These processes permanently or temporarily cause a loss of a significant amount of available nitrogen from the soil, which is unfavorable both from the aspect of plant nutrition and for economic reasons.

The application of inadequate types and amounts of fertilizers increases pH, salt, and heavy metal content in the soil, blocking the uptake of certain macro and microelements.

Over time, the natural fertility of the soil decreases, which has a long-term effect on agricultural production because yields decrease, although large amounts of mineral fertilizers are still used.

How does UNISTART help your land?

UNISTART microbiological fertilizer affects the maintenance of natural soil fertility. (Boldovati o u srpskoj verziji) UNISTART contains strains of bacteria that participate in the processes of mobilization and immobilization of nutrients in the soil, prevents soil salinization, and affects the availability of nutrients in the amount and form that is optimal for plant nutrition.

Bacteria on the surface of the roots form a thin mucous membrane, building a very strong connection with the plant, where a specific form of community is established, which is called association.

On the root system, bacteria mineralize organic compounds of nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, produce acids that release K, Mg, Ca, Fe, Zn, B, Al, Mo, Mn, and other microelements from sparingly soluble compounds and transfer them directly to plants. In that way, the plants are additionally supplied with nutrients that are already in the soil.

UNISTART fertilizer contains effective strains of proteolytic and cellulolytic bacteria that decompose sparingly soluble compounds of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus and translate them into accessible forms for plants.

It is applied before or after sowing, and before the emergence of plants, together with soil herbicides, by spraying on the soil surface or through the “drop by drop” system. Bacteria found in UNISTART reach the root system of a sprouting plant and directly transmit plant assimilates to it.

When and in what quantity do we apply UNISTART microbiological fertilizer?

The amount and time of application of UNISTART fertilizer depend on the branch of agriculture for which we use it.

1. Arable Farming

UNISTART is applied in a dose of 3 l / ha with the consumption of 200-300 l of water, spray on the soil surface. It can be mixed with pesticides. Before sowing, after sowing, and before the plants sprout.

2. Orcharding and viticulture

(Before the start of vegetation for root activation, The beginning of vegetation and leaf mass formation, Intensive growth and flowering, The beginning of fruit set, Intensive fruit growth)

  • Drop by drop system: 0.1-0.2% or 1-2 liters of Unistart per 1,000 liters of water. Can be mixed with pesticides;
  • By spraying in strips along the rows Unistart 3 l / ha

3. Vegetables and floriculture

  • Removal of seedlings: UNISTART 3 l / ha sprayed on the soil surface.
  • Drop by drop system: UNISTART 1 liter per 10 acres let through the system for 7-10 days

What will you get by applying UNISTART fertilizer?

  • Better utilization of applied mineral and organic fertilizers;
  • Elimination of negative effects by applying mineral fertilizers, especially where due to improper fertilization there are high concentrations of phosphorus which blocks the proper absorption of other nutrients (by plants);
  • Increased content of easily accessible N, P, K;
  • Increased microbiological biomass content;
  • Higher soil fertility.


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